Peer to Peer Internet Video Broadcasting

Unlike standard television broadcasting, there are a limited number of viewers that an Internet television station can accommodate. These limitations are determined by the amount of bandwidth the network media server has available. A popular Internet television station would require large amounts of bandwidth to provide the broadcast to a large viewing audience.

Peer to Peer (Commonly referred to as P2P) broadcasting allows viewers using specialized software to re-distribute the media broadcasts. This eliminates the need to utilize costly centralized media servers to distribute the broadcast and results in cost savings for bandwidth consumption.

Any size business or group can establish an effective media broadcast presence without the huge costs normally associated with Internet broadcasting. Using this method, only a few data streams are required for a global Internet broadcast distribution.

P2P Internet broadcasting provides extremely bandwidth friendly results and can support a virtually unlimited number of users. This method also provides effective security against Denial Of Service (DOS) attacks which can cripple a centralized server network architecture.

There are both commercial and non commercial options that offer P2P broadcast ability for Internet television.

This article will cover free open source software.

Open source is an initiative that allows people to have access to the source code of software. This is the actual nuts and bolts that allow the software to operate. This initiative also allows people the ability to redistribute and or modify the source code thus allowing improvements and adaptations of the software.

Peercast

Peercast is a P2P media broadcast application that is available for the Windows, Unix and Mac operating systems. It is compatible with Shoutcast, Icecast and Windows Media streaming protocols.

The software was originally designed to use Gnutella as a basis for broadcast distribution. The software now uses a hierarchal topology for media broadcast distribution. This new method provides greater scalability and more data organization.

Broadcast station data is collected by the YP directory. This data is continuously updated by individual broadcasters. Listeners / viewers (client software) provide the connection points between themselves, the broadcasters and others.

Each broadcaster has the option of including a digital signature to enable media broadcast authentication. This will prevent their broadcasts from being hijacked and replaced with alternative material.

The following video codecs are supported by Peercast: VP3, VP6, Theora and WMV. It can also be used for audio broadcasting and can be configured to use several audio codecs. The software can be used to broadcast individual static media files as well.

Hardware network routers use Network Address Translation to provide internal IP addresses for computers within that network. Traffic flowing through NAT must be converted from internal IP addresses to external IP addresses. P2P traffic routing through NAT usually requires software port forwarding to bypass NAT. Peercast is NAT friendly software and requires no special port forwarding.

A plug-in is available for the popular Winamp media player. (Winamp versions 2.x and 5.x) This can be installed and used by clients to easily receive a Peercast station.

The Peercast network provides a real time online station directory of current broadcasters. (http://yp.peercast.org)

The main Peercast client must be installed to broadcast using this P2P network.

Additional resources

Peercast Frequently Asked Questions: (http://www.peercast.org/wiki/wakka.php?wakka=FrequentlyAskedQuestions)

Peercast Help : (http://www.peercast.org/help.php)

Peercast Community Forum : (http://www.peercast.org/forum)

FreeCast

FreeCast is a Java P2P broadcast application. Users must install the Java Runtime Environment, which is available for the Windows, Unix and Mac operating systems. It is compatible with the Icecast streaming protocol.

The software has a internal audio and video player applet that can play both the Ogg Vorbis open source audio codec, and the Theora open source video codec. It can also be configured to use the Java Web Start feature for automatically loading and launching. This enables a "one click" approach for web based end users.

Each broadcaster has the option of including a digital signature to enable media broadcast authentication. This will prevent their broadcasts from being hijacked and replaced with alternative material.

FreeCast uses a hierarchal method of media broadcast distribution. Each broadcaster acts as a central node with listeners / viewers receiving data from them and relaying to other listeners / viewers.

Icecast and JRoar media streaming server software can be used with FreeCast. In addition, Ezstream can be used with both JRoar and Icecast to source both Ogg Vorbis and Theora files. This software is a command line utility and is available for Windows and Unix operating systems.

FreeCast is continuing software development that will allow its deployment across networks that interact with network routers that utilize Network Address Translation (NAT). Port forwarding is currently required to accommodate NAT routers.

A real time station directory is currently not available or supported.

Additional resources:

FreeCast : (http://www.freecast.org)
Theora : (http://www.theora.org)
IceCast : (http://www.icecast.org)

Dave Childers is a freelance Internet broadcast consultant, writer and the webmaster of http://www.scvi.net, the Winamp TV / NullSoft video information website.

Cadillac Deville rentals Inverness ..
In The News:

Tech wizard Kurt "CyberGuy" Knutsson explains how to "safelist" your email contacts and separate trusted addresses from spam email addresses.
The iPhone's password autofill feature saves you from the worry of forgetting passwords for your phone. Kurt "CyberGuy" Knutsson explains how it works.
The Geek Squad scam targets victims using phishing emails pretending to send the targets a big invoice for their Geek Squad subscription.
Stay up to date on the latest AI technology advancements and learn about the challenges and opportunities AI presents now and for the future.
Tech wizard Kurt "CyberGuy" Knutsson reveals a little-known secret for taking and saving a full-page screenshot on your Android phone.
The iPhone's latest software update allows users to turn their favorite photos into a variety of stickers. Kurt "CyberGuy" Knutsson explains how it's done.
There are many options for online courses to advance your skills or learn new skills whether you're looking to change careers or stay relevant in a current job.
Editing photos in iOS 17 is now simple, according to Kurt "CyberGuy" Knutsson. The tech guru explains the steps to process and crop images.
Stay up to date on the latest AI technology advancements and learn about the challenges and opportunities AI presents now and for the future.
Data tracking is standard among mobile carriers, and new methods of tracking that information are constantly emerging, making it difficult to control.
Tiangong is a full-size humanoid robot from China that stands as tall as an average human, can jog and is capable of running on electric power.
Chester Zoo in northern England is partnering with Mitsubishi Electric to implement more sustainable heating, starting with the habitat of its critically endangered black rhinos.
The self-driving taxi company Waymo is under federal investigation after a series of accidents. What does this mean for the industry? Kurt “CyberGuy" Knutsson explains.
Kurt “CyberGuy" Knutsson examines the Cube Series trailer, which transforms from a compact towable to a spacious shelter that offers modern amenities and four-season comfort.
Think your computer or laptop has been hacked? Don't panic. Follow these steps from Kurt “CyberGuy" Knutsson to recover a hacked computer.
Kurt “CyberGuy" Knutsson shows you how to connect your AirPods to your Apple devices. There are easy ways to connect your AirPods seamlessly on your iPhone and iPad.
A nod to MG's storied history, the EXE181 concept car could become the world's most aerodynamic vehicle, leading the charge in energy-wise automotive design.
Tech wizard Kurt "CyberGuy" Knutsson runs down the seven most interesting takeaways from Google's I/O 2024 conference. Google's AI figured prominently in the conference.
Robotic dogs performed a dance routine and kissed, igniting discussion about the potential applications of this technology at entertainment venues like theme parks.
A cyberattack on computer manufacturer Dell stole information from an estimated 49 million customers. Leaked information includes names and addresses.
Stay up to date on the latest AI technology advancements and learn about the challenges and opportunities AI presents now and for the future.
A robotic security guard stands 5 feet tall and can move at 3 mph while patrolling the workplace and reporting to a call center staffed by humans.
Facebook, X, Instagram and other top social media platforms don't come without their flaws. Here are a few quick hacks to better manage your user experience.
Powerful artificial intelligence tools offer a glimpse into a future in which planning for your next vacation is as simple as sending a text.
Car thieves have learned to exploit keyless vehicles' more advanced systems to unlock and start them without having the wireless key fob nearby, but there are ways to protect your car.

Video Biographies; Why Hire a Professional?

There are lots of reasons to create a video biography.... Read More

Google Video Viewer tweaked for Non-Google content

'DVD Jon', a Norwegian programmer, has tweaked Google video to... Read More

What You Need To Know if Your Company Wants To Produce A Video

Studies show that people remember merely 20% of what they... Read More

How to Star in Your Own Promotional Video

Well, it's official. You are going to star in the... Read More

E-Commerce & Streaming Media: A Marriage that Works

In the heavily populated world of E-Commerce, what determines whose... Read More

Beginning in Videography

If you're looking to get into videography and video editing... Read More

How to Interview on Video

When doing an interview there need to be at least... Read More

Is Video Streaming the Future for Corporate Video?

Things have changed quite a bit from when I started... Read More

Independent Video in the Information Age

One of the primary obstacles for video content distribution over... Read More

Video Converters 101

Your PC may contain hundreds of video files, all encoded... Read More

Peer to Peer Internet Video Broadcasting

Unlike standard television broadcasting, there are a limited number of... Read More

Look Into My Eyes - New Webcam Technology

If a new webcam technology from Microsoft get the go-ahead,... Read More

Network Marketing and Video Email

I received another e-mail today from someone telling me that... Read More

Seven Tips on Making a Successful Video Production

Producing a video for your company can be an exciting... Read More

When Does a Corporate Video Add Value?

A professionally made corporate video production can greatly enhance your... Read More

Put Audio & Video on Your Web Site

As a company that sells streaming media services for a... Read More

Creating Value With Streaming Video Content

Having a corporate or promotional video for your company is... Read More

DVD Authoring: An Introduction

DVD Authoring is the process of collecting various content assets... Read More

Shooting High Definition Video Footage in Italy

Italy is without question the place to shoot high definition... Read More

Video Email - The New Way to Communicate

The Internet is now a thriving means of communication and... Read More

Create a Favicon for Your Customers Bookmarks in Four Easy Steps.

A favicon is a custom icon that sits next to... Read More

How Video can be used Effectively Online

A powerful way to convey your communication messages to your... Read More

Streaming Video on Your Website - Convert Visitors into Customers

Streaming video is a sequence of "moving images" that are... Read More

Beginners Guide to PC Video Editing

If you're new to PC video editing then knowing where... Read More

Boost Your Online Sales with Audio and Video Support

Have you ever noticed when you are shopping at most... Read More

Oswego limousine service ..